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Glossary

  • This numerical code was created from an event that sounds like a modern fairy tale. Originally, it meant a time: 20 past four in the afternoon. Or, in the English notation 4:20 (pm) - short: 420 or just: 'four twenty'. Nowadays this number is an international and frequently used "code" and can stand for all kinds of things: for cannabis itself, for the use of cannabis, or for the festivities (like Christmas for cannabis friends) that are celebrated on April 20th (English date spelling 4/20 - four twenty).
  • The certificate of analysis provides information about whether the analysed batch of a product meets the requirements or specifications applicable to that product. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is a common document for drugs, but also for their starting materials.Above all, the certificate provides information about essential quality characteristics (such as the content of CBD or other valuable ingredients) as well as permissible and impermissible impurities.In our laboratory analyses you will find information on the content of cannabinoids, among other things. This way you can be sure that you get what you expect from the product (e.g. CBD) and that there is nothing in it that you need to worry about (e.g. THC). Of course we always check for impurities, e.g. heavy metals and pesticides. Current laboratory analyses of our products can be viewed here.
  • The form of administration or administration form describes the way in which a certain substance, usually a drug, is administered or used. For cannabinoids, the following forms of administration are particularly suitable:Buccal (via the oral mucosa), inhalative (via the lungs), oral / peroral (via the mouth), sublingual (via the mucosa under the tongue), topical (usually on the skin; application is localized to produce a localized effect), transdermal (absorption via the skin, the effect is felt in the body)
  • In pharmacology, the bioavailability of an active ingredient is an important measure. It describes the proportion of the substance that passes into the bloodstream (more precisely: into the systemic circulation) and is thus available at the site of action. A 100% bioavailability is achieved by intravenous administration of a substance. If the active substance is administered to the organism by other means, e.g. orally, it is compared with the bioavailability after intravenous administration, and on this basis a percentage is given. Thus, an oral bioavailability of 50% means that, compared to intravenous administration, half of the active substance enters the systemic circulation.
  • A biphasic effect is the effect of an active ingredient when low and high doses of the same active ingredient can cause opposite effects. Alcohol also has such an effect: while small quantities of alcohol can have a stimulating effect, larger quantities of alcohol have a calming to sedating effect. CBD has shown such a profile as an active ingredient in several studies: While e.g. a dose of 300mg CBD had a calming effect on the participants, a significantly higher dose of 900mg CBD not only did not show a calming effect - at this very high dosage the test persons even reported an opposite effect; they not only felt more stressed than test persons who received the lower CBD dose, but also than those who received only a placebo (i.e. no active ingredient).
  • Cannabinoid receptors are, besides cannabinoids themselves and the enzymes responsible for their degradation, important components of our endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoid receptors are distributed throughout the body and are involved in a variety of physiological processes through the central regulatory role of the endocannabinoid system. A cannabinoid researcher summarized these processes as follows: "Relax, Eat, Sleep, Forget and Protect" - hardly any area of our life is not affected in one way or another. In addition to CB1 and CB2 receptors, cannabinoids can also unfold their effects via other pathways. Based on the results of a study, for example, it was suggested to include the receptor "GPR55" in the class of cannabinoid receptors.
  • Cannabis originally refers to the hemp plant - whose full Latin name is Cannabis sativa L..However, in common parlance "cannabis" is also often used to refer to the dried female flower. Dried female flowers are one of the possible end products that can be made from the cannabis plant, some of which are also used for intoxication purposes. Since the medical use of cannabis is back to normal in Germany, the word "medical cannabis" is often used in this context to distinguish it from "normal" cannabis, which is often not used on medical prescription and is obtained from unofficial sources.
  • In plant breeding, hybrid usually refers to offspring resulting from the combination (crossing) of the characteristics of two plants from different, preferably pure-bred (inbred) lines. The offspring of such a breeding, the F1 generation, then combines in the best case all positive traits of both the mother and the father line. One speaks then of heterosis, or the heterosis effect.In cannabis, hybrid is also used to make it clear that a particular cultivar can clearly be assigned neither to the Sativa nor the Indica spectrum. Whether and to what extent all these categorizations (hybrid, indica, sativa) are scientifically tenable is still the subject of lively discussion. The background is that due to the extremely long history of cannabis use (10.000+ years!) original populations, so-called landraces, no longer exist, since genetic material from other geographical zones and/or populations has been crossed in by humans - whether intended or not. Therefore, some argue, all varieties (or cultivars) that exist today should strictly speaking be called hybrids.
  • Cannabis sativa L., i.e. hemp or simply cannabis stands for a plant species within the cannabis family (Cannabaceae). Within this species different varieties (better: cultivars) can be distinguished from each other. They differ not only in their growth form (the so-called morphotype), but also in their own specific profile of cannabinoids and terpenes -- the chemotype. The profile of a variety is as individual as a "chemical fingerprint". In practice, this means that not all cannabis is the same. Different varieties can be grouped in different ways; one of the more common divisions is based on the content of the two "main" cannabinoids THC and CBD. "Type 1" describes THC-dominant strains, "Type 2" refers to strains with a balanced ratio of THC to CBD and CBD-dominant strains are referred to as "Type 3". A still common, but scientifically rather controversial way of classifying different cannabis varieties is the division into "sativa" (or sativa-branched / sativa-dominant), indica (or indica-branched / indica-dominant) and hybrids. The effect of "Sativas" is often described by users as mentally activating, stimulating and also more psychoactive, whereas that of "Indicas" is more physical, calming and relaxing. If one imagines Indica and Sativa as the ends of a spectrum of possible effects, the so-called hybrids lie somewhere in the middle, thus offering the user a mixture of the above mentioned essential characteristics of Indicas and Sativas. The reason for the sometimes very differently perceived effects of different varieties is only partly due to the different contents of cannabinoids -- especially the terpenes are said to have a great influence on the subjective perception of effects.
  • Cannabidiolic acid (A for acid) is one of the many ingredients of cannabis. Although the non-acidic form, CBD, is much better known, the plant itself produces almost exclusively the acid form, CBDA. CBDA is also said to have potentially desirable effects, some of which are even said to be more potent than those of CBD itself. However, research on this is still in its infancy.
  • Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is one of over 100 known cannabinoids found in the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.). However, CBG is something special because the starting molecule produced in the plant, cannabigerol acid, is also the basic building block from which all other cannabinoids are produced in the plant. For cannabigerol itself, antibiotic effects against multi-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) have been observed - at least in mice.
  • The vaporization of cannabis concentrates is called dabbing. Concentrates are usually in the form of waxes or resinous oils. These are applied to a piece of metal ("nail") that has been heated to a high temperature, where they immediately begin to vaporize. The vapors are inhaled through a kind of bong (water pipe). In this way it is possible to inhale very large quantities of cannabinoids in a very short time. From a medical and/or health point of view, however, this type of application cannot be recommended.
  • A ready-to-use form or preparation that can be taken without modification is also called a dosage form. On the other hand, this term can also refer to the form of a medicinal product (dosage form), which then also includes the type of application. The dosage form does not always have to correspond to the final preparation.
  • The term edible in the context of cannabis means edible food to which cannabinoids have been added. Mostly THC is meant. Well-known examples are so-called space cakes, i.e. cakes containing cannabis, or cannabis butter ('cannabutter'). Among recent developments in this area, especially wine gums containing cannabinoids are very popular. Edibles" can also mean liquid, i.e. drinkable, cannabinoid containing food, capsules and partly also oils and tinctures. A special feature of Edibles is that although it takes longer to take effect than when cannabinoids are inhaled, the effect lasts much longer. You can find out more about this in our article on the topic of onset of action and duration of action.
  • Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by the body itself. Cannabinoids are part of the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids include 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) and N-arachidonylethanolamide (AEA). AEA is often also called anandamide, derived from the Sanskrit word ananda ("bliss"). Just like the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids), the body's own cannabinoids are able to dock to corresponding cannabinoid receptors (CB1, CB2) that are distributed throughout the human body to exert their effect.
  • Through the special interaction of cannabinoids and terpenes, a special plant synergy can be created, the so-called "entourage effect". Terpenes can influence the effect of the cannabinoids in different ways (and vice versa). This also shows a potential advantage of full-spectrum extracts over extracts or oils that contain only CBD in pure form. The latter lack potential synergy partners; the entourage effect is absent. Even if this is slowly changing at present - terpenes are still considered a "neglected pharmacological treasure chest" in cannabis research, as the "discoverer" of THC, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, put it, because of their enormous potential with regard to individualized therapy design with cannabis flowers and/or full spectrum extracts.
  • Many substances are not used in their pure form, but in a mixture which, in addition to the main component, also consists of other substances, so-called auxiliary substances. The finished mixture is then called a formulation.Excipients can e.g. facilitate the application through formative properties, make the production more efficient or, as in the case of the liposomal formulation of our hemp capsules, improve the bioavailability.
  • CBD-Isolate is a crystalline solid or powder consisting of almost pure CBD. Just like (full spectrum) extracts, isolate can be obtained from hemp plants containing CBD. During extraction and subsequent purification, all non-CBD components are almost completely removed, so that the final product contains 99% pure CBD.On the one hand, this means that synergies and potentials resulting from the presence of other valuable ingredients of the hemp plant are not utilized. On the other hand, the use of isolate can also be advantageous in certain situations, e.g. due to its flexible application and comparatively low price.
  • Limonene belong to the terpenes and are found in higher concentrations, as the name suggests, in citrus fruits and are responsible for their characteristic smell.Limonene is often used as an inexpensive fragrance, e.g. for cleaning agents, as citrus scent is associated with freshness and cleanliness. It is also used as a vegetable insecticide and in preservatives and cosmetic products.Limonene are considered to be mood-lifting, antidepressant, immunostimulant, antimicrobial and are used in skin therapy.
  • In liposomal formulation, the value-giving component of the formulation (e.g. CBD) is introduced into the interior or into the double membrane layer of so-called liposomes. The advantage of such a formulation is, among other things, that substances can be better absorbed by the body in this way, which in their natural form may be poorly bioavailable. The bioavailability of e.g. CBD, i.e. the proportion of absorbed CBD that reaches the bloodstream, can be effectively increased by this.
  • In Germany, medicinal cannabis is usually referred to as cannabis, which is available in pharmacies upon presentation of a prescription. Particularly in differentiation from normal cannabis (i.e. without the addition "medicinal"), medicinal cannabis is a largely standardised herbal medicinal product. The active ingredient contents (THC and CBD) are defined in the European Pharmacopoeia and are regularly checked. Furthermore, it must be possible to prove with analyses that there are no residues of pesticides in the finished product that exceed the maximum permissible amounts. Not only the cannabis itself, but also the production facilities must meet strict requirements and these are also regularly checked. Depending on the context, medical cannabis may mean not only the dried female flowers, i.e. the "traditional" end product, but also the plant itself and other products made from it, such as extracts.
  • MCT stands for medium-chain triglycerides, i.e. triglycerides (neutral fats) containing medium-chain fatty acids. Medium-chain fatty acids include fatty acids with 6-12 carbon atoms. They are found in coconut oil, palm kernel oil and butter, among other things, but not in their pure form, but in a natural way in a mixture with other triglycerides. MCT oil is mainly used in the manufacture of cosmetic products, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals.In general, MCT oils are considered a valuable food component in the sense of a holistically health-promoting diet.Unlike other oils, MCT oils can be metabolized independently of pancreatic enzymes, which explains their use in various (mainly metabolic) diseases. MCT fats are also particularly suitable in the context of a ketogenic diet, such as that used in some pharmacoresistant forms of epilepsy.
  • The terpene myrcene is very common in the plant kingdom. In larger concentrations it can be found in pines, ripe mangoes, fennel, juniper, ginger plants, hops and dill. And of course in hemp or cannabis. Here it is considered the main suspect for the so-called "couch-lock" effect, a state of extreme physical relaxation, in which it may seem impossible for the person affected to get off the couch (spoiler: it usually works out after all). Pharmacological interest is focused on the antiphlogistic (anti-inflammatory), analgesic and relaxing to sedative properties of myrcene. Fun Fact: If you always wanted to attract bark beetles without much effort, myrcene is your salvation, because for the beetle this terpene is an almost irresistible messenger (pheromone).
  • In today's terminology, pesticide means any agent that is used to protect (mostly plants) against pests. Pesticides are mainly discussed in the context of pesticide residues in products (mostly food). For pesticides authorised in the EU, there are usually maximum levels for both the amount of pesticide applied and the pesticide residues that may be present in the intermediate or final product.
  • Psychoactive or psychotropic substances are all substances that are able to influence the human psyche. The induced influence can take very different forms and also show great differences in intensity. The spectrum ranges from a barely perceptible stimulation or relaxation, e.g. by a sip of coffee in the morning, to a largely complete change of consciousness, e.g. by psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, DMT and Co.).Whether the change is experienced as positive or negative depends on a number of different factors and not least on the user himself. Psychotropic drugs are also considered psychoactive or psychotropic substances - the term alone does not therefore say anything about the legality or illegality of a substance.The most frequently consumed psychoactive/psychotropic substance worldwide is caffeine. Caffeine belongs to the group of stimulants. Cocoa contains theobromine, a substance structurally related to caffeine, which is also a stimulant frequently consumed worldwide.
  • This refers to a form of application or administration of a substance. The substance is placed under the tongue (sub "under", lingua "tongue"). The mucous membrane under the tongue is particularly thin and well supplied with blood, which enables the rapid absorption of substances into the bloodstream.
  • Terpenes and terpenoids are very small molecules, some of which are very potent and can therefore have an effect even in extremely low doses. Terpenes occur in nature in great variety and are not only responsible for the aroma and taste of cannabis. The concentration of different terpenes, the so-called terpene profile, is an essential distinguishing feature of different cannabis flower varieties.Terpenes and cannabinoids can work together in a special form of plant synergy, which is then called the "entourage effect".The most common and well-known terpenes in cannabis include limonene, myrcene, linalool, α-pinene, caryophyllene and humulene.
  • A tincture is an alcoholic extract. According to the European Pharmacopoeia, only ethanol in certain concentrations (usually between 20 and 60%) may be used as a solvent during extraction.
  • Topical application refers to a form of application or administration that takes place locally and is therefore intended to have a localized effect. The classic example of a topical application is an analgesic sports gel that is applied to or near a painful joint to produce its (e.g. additional warming) effect.
  • A vaporizer uses heat to enable the vaporization (vapor = vapor) of active ingredients. To prevent combustion, which produces undesirable and often toxic by-products, only enough heat is generated to vaporize the desired ingredients. Vaporizers are used, among other things, to make active ingredients (active substances) from medicinal plants available, including cannabis. Usually temperatures between 180°C and 210°C are recommended. The boiling point of THC is 157°C, that of CBD is slightly higher (160°C - 180°C). Vaporizers can make the active ingredients of the cannabis plant safely and effectively available. With vaporizers, a distinction must be made between devices for vaporizing dry, mostly plant material and devices for vaporizing so-called "liquids". The latter have become known especially in connection with nicotine as an alternative to smoking cigarettes.
  • As the name suggests, at least to the botanists and latinists among you, this terpene is found in large quantities in pine plants (lat. Pinus) (including pines, firs, spruces and of course pines). But also myrtle, dill and caraway contain high concentrations of myrtle.α pines are associated with mental freshness and clarity. The Japanese custom of "forest bathing" (Shinrin yoku) makes use of this characteristic - practitioners "bathe", so to speak, in the forest air saturated with α pinenes and thus consciously make use of their clarifying effect on the mind.In addition, there are indications of antiphlogistic (anti-inflammatory), bronchodilating and memory supporting effects of α-Pinenen.
#relax

Deepen your meditation: 4 reasons to use terpenes for meditation

18/03/2020 6 MIN. READ Katharina Schweigert
18/03/2020 6 MIN. READ Katharina Schweigert

What is meditation? Meditation is a technique for relaxing the mind. The Latin term “meditatio,” from the verb “meditari,” means among others things to ponder, contemplate, deliberate. Meditators open themselves up to silence and are thus able to discover the space of awareness of not thinking and not knowing. The thoughts calm down. Meditation is a way to contact your own intuition, inspiration and creativity. Active ingredients in CBD products, for example terpenes, can have astonishing effects if used during meditation. In this blog post, we’ll show you how terpenes can support your meditation.

Deepen your meditation: how to use terpenes to meditate more intensively

  1. Meditative practice: there are many ways to reach your inner self
  2. Terpenes: what are these little miracle helpers?
  3. Deepen your meditation: 4 reasons to use terpenes for meditation
  4. Terpenes for your health
  5. The gist: deepening your meditation

1. Meditative practice: there are many ways to reach your inner self

Whether it’s yoga or a martial art like aidiko, karate, judo or kinomichi, meditation not only supplements various forms of exercise, but has found its way into our living rooms - and, in some cases, meditation rooms. This isn’t just to look fancy, it actually has a point. At the end of the day, meditation helps you come down from your thoughts and brings you inner balance. Many studies have already proven its effectiveness. Among other things, meditation is also helpful in losing weight, improving the effectiveness of nerve fibres, reducing chronic inflammation and stress, and even in lowering your blood pressure. 

How exactly does it feel? It’s less spiritual than you probably think. It’s actually just chill, relaxed and smooth. It’s like consciousness without thought content. Kind of like sleeping, without actually sleeping. Total clarity. Afterwards, you feel refreshed like you’ve just had a power nap. While you practice calming down your thoughts and focusing your mind, new doors are being opened to you.

There’s a range of techniques for implementing meditation into your life. In doing so, you can sit, jump, walk, lie down, fly, hop or scream. Not everything at once, please!

Are you open to achieving a better mood, inner peace, joie de vivre and a boost in creativity? Then let’s begin! 10-15 minutes of daily practice are enough to notice more strength and balance. Who wouldn’t like to get less angry about competing over a parking spot, a miscalculated right-of-way when driving, or that one pushy person at the supermarket counter?

When you meditate, you achieve a sort of “Alpha-mode” in which your brainwaves change. For the better, of course. We open ourselves up to our higher self. It’s as if our brainwaves straighten out and we can get a better feeling for ourselves.

Hard to believe, but those meditating Insta-beauties are indeed sitting in the right posture for meditation - cross-legged and with a straight back. Any artsy hand movements, on the other hand, are completely unnecessary. That is, they only really make sense for advanced meditators and don't have a significant effect. You can simply rest your hands on your thighs or knees. For a tutorial, it’s best to consult a coach or meditation teacher.

Deepen your meditation: yoga and CBD can support your meditation practice. You can learn more about this topic here in our yoga and CBD post.

If you’d like to learn beyond that and keep yourself informed on various topics surrounding themes, we recommend this newsletter:

2. Terpenes: what are these little miracle helpers?

Terpenes exist as an important component in essential oils, primarily in plants. For example, you’ll find these chemical connections in conifers, hemp plants, citrus fruits, lavender, etc. As a secondary plant matter, they’re responsible for everything regarding smell, taste, texture, color and temperature.

It’s clear, then, why cannabis smells the way it does. Hemp’s flowers and leaves alone have over 200 essential oils at their disposal. 

The best part: terpenes not only look after the recovery of the plant, but are also healthy for humans. This is shown, for example, in Dr. Ethan Russo’s report in the September 2011 issue of the British Journal of Pharmacology. It’s clear now why terpenes are used as flavoring agents in the food and aromatherapy industries. The ultimate fragrance all-rounder, the little miracle helper.

3. Deepen your meditation: 4 reasons to use terpenes for meditation

It’s astounding how the active ingredients in terpenes can bring your meditation to a whole new level. These powerful aromatic essences are helpful not only in alleviating physical suffering. They’re just as powerful in altering your mental state - in a good way!

A connection between people, terpenes and fragrance has already existed for thousands of years. One of its first applications was smoke. Humans realized that strong characteristics of  a plant are set free through fire. Smoke results from burning the roots, bark, leaves and berries of certain plants, and wafts through the air. It has surprising effects on the body, the mind, and even the taste of foods. Thus the use of terpenes as incense was born. 

Terpenes connect you with your origin

The ancient Egyptians were also familiar with the significance of terpenes. We know this from the herbs and incense burners that have been found in the graves of the great pharaohs. 

Terpenes not only hold value for humans, but are also beneficial to the ecosystem. A-pinenes, for example, helps the forests build an effective cloud cover, keep things cool and promote the rainfall cycle. 

A-pinenes are equally helpful for humans, acting as an inflammation inhibitor and bronchodilator that significantly improves our respiratory function. Studies also show that A-pinenes relax the body and mind.

And that’s not all these little miracle helpers do; other substances in terpenes improve your mood, stimulate your mind, and reduce stress. These are all wonderful qualities that you can put to good use while practicing meditation.

Terpenes alter your state of consciousness

Terpenes have amazing effects during meditation. They elicit various emotional or mental states, and can even help you reach a higher state of consciousness while meditating.

Deepening meditation - it’s nothing new. Humans already took this effect seriously in the past, and terpenes played an important role in religious and spiritual practices.

Terpenes provide for a positive, calm mindset

Let’s let science be science for a moment. Let’s just imagine how a pleasing scent blowing through the air, evoking pleasure and relaxation in us. It calms us down and lets us be happier.

Lavender, well known to smell good and have a calming effect, contains terpenes that lead to deep relaxation. Alongside the stress reducing terpene linalool, it’s also got the terpene myrcene, known for its sedative effect and for being an effective pain reliever. Myrcene is also prominent in the essential oils of thyme, ylang-ylang and chamomile.

With terpenes you can achieve higher awareness

Incense can noticeably reduce conditions like anxiety and stress. Yet it’s not the only case! Sandalwood oil and cinnamon oil work similarly on your consciousness. They sharpen the mind, foster creativity and are, at the same time, healthier than incense. 

So how do I implement terpenes in my meditation practice?

Deepening your meditation - easy! Mix the essential oils mentioned above with a carrier oil like almond, coconut or jojoba oils and apply them to the skin. Or just put a few drops of undiluted oil in a room diffuser, or on a cloth or fragrance stone.

4. Terpenes for your health

We already know that terpenes are healthy and improve meditation. Yet these little miracles workers have still further benefits!

They aid the body to detoxify and to kill bacteria. They promote your sleep, reduce muscle tension as well as aches and inflammation, aid those with depression and help you to relax. 

Want to know more about the health benefits? We’ve summarized all the important info regarding CBD active ingredients and terpenes for you in our article, What are terpenes?.

5. The gist: deepening your meditation

Deepen your meditation - dive deeper into using terpenes while meditating. It’ll be easier to relieve stress and anxiety and to bring the positivity you’ll gain into everyday life. Through deeper meditation you’ll also sharpen your consciousness and become more aware of what’s going on around you and in your mind. All in all you’ll achieve a higher sense of well-being, increase your energy level, and find yourself building social relationships with more ease. Can you feel it?

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