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Glossary

  • This numerical code was created from an event that sounds like a modern fairy tale. Originally, it meant a time: 20 past four in the afternoon. Or, in the English notation 4:20 (pm) - short: 420 or just: 'four twenty'. Nowadays this number is an international and frequently used "code" and can stand for all kinds of things: for cannabis itself, for the use of cannabis, or for the festivities (like Christmas for cannabis friends) that are celebrated on April 20th (English date spelling 4/20 - four twenty).
  • The certificate of analysis provides information about whether the analysed batch of a product meets the requirements or specifications applicable to that product. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is a common document for drugs, but also for their starting materials.Above all, the certificate provides information about essential quality characteristics (such as the content of CBD or other valuable ingredients) as well as permissible and impermissible impurities.In our laboratory analyses you will find information on the content of cannabinoids, among other things. This way you can be sure that you get what you expect from the product (e.g. CBD) and that there is nothing in it that you need to worry about (e.g. THC). Of course we always check for impurities, e.g. heavy metals and pesticides. Current laboratory analyses of our products can be viewed here.
  • The form of administration or administration form describes the way in which a certain substance, usually a drug, is administered or used. For cannabinoids, the following forms of administration are particularly suitable:Buccal (via the oral mucosa), inhalative (via the lungs), oral / peroral (via the mouth), sublingual (via the mucosa under the tongue), topical (usually on the skin; application is localized to produce a localized effect), transdermal (absorption via the skin, the effect is felt in the body)
  • In pharmacology, the bioavailability of an active ingredient is an important measure. It describes the proportion of the substance that passes into the bloodstream (more precisely: into the systemic circulation) and is thus available at the site of action. A 100% bioavailability is achieved by intravenous administration of a substance. If the active substance is administered to the organism by other means, e.g. orally, it is compared with the bioavailability after intravenous administration, and on this basis a percentage is given. Thus, an oral bioavailability of 50% means that, compared to intravenous administration, half of the active substance enters the systemic circulation.
  • A biphasic effect is the effect of an active ingredient when low and high doses of the same active ingredient can cause opposite effects. Alcohol also has such an effect: while small quantities of alcohol can have a stimulating effect, larger quantities of alcohol have a calming to sedating effect. CBD has shown such a profile as an active ingredient in several studies: While e.g. a dose of 300mg CBD had a calming effect on the participants, a significantly higher dose of 900mg CBD not only did not show a calming effect - at this very high dosage the test persons even reported an opposite effect; they not only felt more stressed than test persons who received the lower CBD dose, but also than those who received only a placebo (i.e. no active ingredient).
  • Cannabinoid receptors are, besides cannabinoids themselves and the enzymes responsible for their degradation, important components of our endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoid receptors are distributed throughout the body and are involved in a variety of physiological processes through the central regulatory role of the endocannabinoid system. A cannabinoid researcher summarized these processes as follows: "Relax, Eat, Sleep, Forget and Protect" - hardly any area of our life is not affected in one way or another. In addition to CB1 and CB2 receptors, cannabinoids can also unfold their effects via other pathways. Based on the results of a study, for example, it was suggested to include the receptor "GPR55" in the class of cannabinoid receptors.
  • Cannabis originally refers to the hemp plant - whose full Latin name is Cannabis sativa L..However, in common parlance "cannabis" is also often used to refer to the dried female flower. Dried female flowers are one of the possible end products that can be made from the cannabis plant, some of which are also used for intoxication purposes. Since the medical use of cannabis is back to normal in Germany, the word "medical cannabis" is often used in this context to distinguish it from "normal" cannabis, which is often not used on medical prescription and is obtained from unofficial sources.
  • In plant breeding, hybrid usually refers to offspring resulting from the combination (crossing) of the characteristics of two plants from different, preferably pure-bred (inbred) lines. The offspring of such a breeding, the F1 generation, then combines in the best case all positive traits of both the mother and the father line. One speaks then of heterosis, or the heterosis effect.In cannabis, hybrid is also used to make it clear that a particular cultivar can clearly be assigned neither to the Sativa nor the Indica spectrum. Whether and to what extent all these categorizations (hybrid, indica, sativa) are scientifically tenable is still the subject of lively discussion. The background is that due to the extremely long history of cannabis use (10.000+ years!) original populations, so-called landraces, no longer exist, since genetic material from other geographical zones and/or populations has been crossed in by humans - whether intended or not. Therefore, some argue, all varieties (or cultivars) that exist today should strictly speaking be called hybrids.
  • Cannabis sativa L., i.e. hemp or simply cannabis stands for a plant species within the cannabis family (Cannabaceae). Within this species different varieties (better: cultivars) can be distinguished from each other. They differ not only in their growth form (the so-called morphotype), but also in their own specific profile of cannabinoids and terpenes -- the chemotype. The profile of a variety is as individual as a "chemical fingerprint". In practice, this means that not all cannabis is the same. Different varieties can be grouped in different ways; one of the more common divisions is based on the content of the two "main" cannabinoids THC and CBD. "Type 1" describes THC-dominant strains, "Type 2" refers to strains with a balanced ratio of THC to CBD and CBD-dominant strains are referred to as "Type 3". A still common, but scientifically rather controversial way of classifying different cannabis varieties is the division into "sativa" (or sativa-branched / sativa-dominant), indica (or indica-branched / indica-dominant) and hybrids. The effect of "Sativas" is often described by users as mentally activating, stimulating and also more psychoactive, whereas that of "Indicas" is more physical, calming and relaxing. If one imagines Indica and Sativa as the ends of a spectrum of possible effects, the so-called hybrids lie somewhere in the middle, thus offering the user a mixture of the above mentioned essential characteristics of Indicas and Sativas. The reason for the sometimes very differently perceived effects of different varieties is only partly due to the different contents of cannabinoids -- especially the terpenes are said to have a great influence on the subjective perception of effects.
  • Cannabidiolic acid (A for acid) is one of the many ingredients of cannabis. Although the non-acidic form, CBD, is much better known, the plant itself produces almost exclusively the acid form, CBDA. CBDA is also said to have potentially desirable effects, some of which are even said to be more potent than those of CBD itself. However, research on this is still in its infancy.
  • Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is one of over 100 known cannabinoids found in the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.). However, CBG is something special because the starting molecule produced in the plant, cannabigerol acid, is also the basic building block from which all other cannabinoids are produced in the plant. For cannabigerol itself, antibiotic effects against multi-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) have been observed - at least in mice.
  • The vaporization of cannabis concentrates is called dabbing. Concentrates are usually in the form of waxes or resinous oils. These are applied to a piece of metal ("nail") that has been heated to a high temperature, where they immediately begin to vaporize. The vapors are inhaled through a kind of bong (water pipe). In this way it is possible to inhale very large quantities of cannabinoids in a very short time. From a medical and/or health point of view, however, this type of application cannot be recommended.
  • A ready-to-use form or preparation that can be taken without modification is also called a dosage form. On the other hand, this term can also refer to the form of a medicinal product (dosage form), which then also includes the type of application. The dosage form does not always have to correspond to the final preparation.
  • The term edible in the context of cannabis means edible food to which cannabinoids have been added. Mostly THC is meant. Well-known examples are so-called space cakes, i.e. cakes containing cannabis, or cannabis butter ('cannabutter'). Among recent developments in this area, especially wine gums containing cannabinoids are very popular. Edibles" can also mean liquid, i.e. drinkable, cannabinoid containing food, capsules and partly also oils and tinctures. A special feature of Edibles is that although it takes longer to take effect than when cannabinoids are inhaled, the effect lasts much longer. You can find out more about this in our article on the topic of onset of action and duration of action.
  • Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by the body itself. Cannabinoids are part of the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids include 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) and N-arachidonylethanolamide (AEA). AEA is often also called anandamide, derived from the Sanskrit word ananda ("bliss"). Just like the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids), the body's own cannabinoids are able to dock to corresponding cannabinoid receptors (CB1, CB2) that are distributed throughout the human body to exert their effect.
  • Through the special interaction of cannabinoids and terpenes, a special plant synergy can be created, the so-called "entourage effect". Terpenes can influence the effect of the cannabinoids in different ways (and vice versa). This also shows a potential advantage of full-spectrum extracts over extracts or oils that contain only CBD in pure form. The latter lack potential synergy partners; the entourage effect is absent. Even if this is slowly changing at present - terpenes are still considered a "neglected pharmacological treasure chest" in cannabis research, as the "discoverer" of THC, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, put it, because of their enormous potential with regard to individualized therapy design with cannabis flowers and/or full spectrum extracts.
  • Many substances are not used in their pure form, but in a mixture which, in addition to the main component, also consists of other substances, so-called auxiliary substances. The finished mixture is then called a formulation.Excipients can e.g. facilitate the application through formative properties, make the production more efficient or, as in the case of the liposomal formulation of our hemp capsules, improve the bioavailability.
  • CBD-Isolate is a crystalline solid or powder consisting of almost pure CBD. Just like (full spectrum) extracts, isolate can be obtained from hemp plants containing CBD. During extraction and subsequent purification, all non-CBD components are almost completely removed, so that the final product contains 99% pure CBD.On the one hand, this means that synergies and potentials resulting from the presence of other valuable ingredients of the hemp plant are not utilized. On the other hand, the use of isolate can also be advantageous in certain situations, e.g. due to its flexible application and comparatively low price.
  • Limonene belong to the terpenes and are found in higher concentrations, as the name suggests, in citrus fruits and are responsible for their characteristic smell.Limonene is often used as an inexpensive fragrance, e.g. for cleaning agents, as citrus scent is associated with freshness and cleanliness. It is also used as a vegetable insecticide and in preservatives and cosmetic products.Limonene are considered to be mood-lifting, antidepressant, immunostimulant, antimicrobial and are used in skin therapy.
  • In liposomal formulation, the value-giving component of the formulation (e.g. CBD) is introduced into the interior or into the double membrane layer of so-called liposomes. The advantage of such a formulation is, among other things, that substances can be better absorbed by the body in this way, which in their natural form may be poorly bioavailable. The bioavailability of e.g. CBD, i.e. the proportion of absorbed CBD that reaches the bloodstream, can be effectively increased by this.
  • In Germany, medicinal cannabis is usually referred to as cannabis, which is available in pharmacies upon presentation of a prescription. Particularly in differentiation from normal cannabis (i.e. without the addition "medicinal"), medicinal cannabis is a largely standardised herbal medicinal product. The active ingredient contents (THC and CBD) are defined in the European Pharmacopoeia and are regularly checked. Furthermore, it must be possible to prove with analyses that there are no residues of pesticides in the finished product that exceed the maximum permissible amounts. Not only the cannabis itself, but also the production facilities must meet strict requirements and these are also regularly checked. Depending on the context, medical cannabis may mean not only the dried female flowers, i.e. the "traditional" end product, but also the plant itself and other products made from it, such as extracts.
  • MCT stands for medium-chain triglycerides, i.e. triglycerides (neutral fats) containing medium-chain fatty acids. Medium-chain fatty acids include fatty acids with 6-12 carbon atoms. They are found in coconut oil, palm kernel oil and butter, among other things, but not in their pure form, but in a natural way in a mixture with other triglycerides. MCT oil is mainly used in the manufacture of cosmetic products, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals.In general, MCT oils are considered a valuable food component in the sense of a holistically health-promoting diet.Unlike other oils, MCT oils can be metabolized independently of pancreatic enzymes, which explains their use in various (mainly metabolic) diseases. MCT fats are also particularly suitable in the context of a ketogenic diet, such as that used in some pharmacoresistant forms of epilepsy.
  • The terpene myrcene is very common in the plant kingdom. In larger concentrations it can be found in pines, ripe mangoes, fennel, juniper, ginger plants, hops and dill. And of course in hemp or cannabis. Here it is considered the main suspect for the so-called "couch-lock" effect, a state of extreme physical relaxation, in which it may seem impossible for the person affected to get off the couch (spoiler: it usually works out after all). Pharmacological interest is focused on the antiphlogistic (anti-inflammatory), analgesic and relaxing to sedative properties of myrcene. Fun Fact: If you always wanted to attract bark beetles without much effort, myrcene is your salvation, because for the beetle this terpene is an almost irresistible messenger (pheromone).
  • In today's terminology, pesticide means any agent that is used to protect (mostly plants) against pests. Pesticides are mainly discussed in the context of pesticide residues in products (mostly food). For pesticides authorised in the EU, there are usually maximum levels for both the amount of pesticide applied and the pesticide residues that may be present in the intermediate or final product.
  • Psychoactive or psychotropic substances are all substances that are able to influence the human psyche. The induced influence can take very different forms and also show great differences in intensity. The spectrum ranges from a barely perceptible stimulation or relaxation, e.g. by a sip of coffee in the morning, to a largely complete change of consciousness, e.g. by psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, DMT and Co.).Whether the change is experienced as positive or negative depends on a number of different factors and not least on the user himself. Psychotropic drugs are also considered psychoactive or psychotropic substances - the term alone does not therefore say anything about the legality or illegality of a substance.The most frequently consumed psychoactive/psychotropic substance worldwide is caffeine. Caffeine belongs to the group of stimulants. Cocoa contains theobromine, a substance structurally related to caffeine, which is also a stimulant frequently consumed worldwide.
  • This refers to a form of application or administration of a substance. The substance is placed under the tongue (sub "under", lingua "tongue"). The mucous membrane under the tongue is particularly thin and well supplied with blood, which enables the rapid absorption of substances into the bloodstream.
  • Terpenes and terpenoids are very small molecules, some of which are very potent and can therefore have an effect even in extremely low doses. Terpenes occur in nature in great variety and are not only responsible for the aroma and taste of cannabis. The concentration of different terpenes, the so-called terpene profile, is an essential distinguishing feature of different cannabis flower varieties.Terpenes and cannabinoids can work together in a special form of plant synergy, which is then called the "entourage effect".The most common and well-known terpenes in cannabis include limonene, myrcene, linalool, α-pinene, caryophyllene and humulene.
  • A tincture is an alcoholic extract. According to the European Pharmacopoeia, only ethanol in certain concentrations (usually between 20 and 60%) may be used as a solvent during extraction.
  • Topical application refers to a form of application or administration that takes place locally and is therefore intended to have a localized effect. The classic example of a topical application is an analgesic sports gel that is applied to or near a painful joint to produce its (e.g. additional warming) effect.
  • A vaporizer uses heat to enable the vaporization (vapor = vapor) of active ingredients. To prevent combustion, which produces undesirable and often toxic by-products, only enough heat is generated to vaporize the desired ingredients. Vaporizers are used, among other things, to make active ingredients (active substances) from medicinal plants available, including cannabis. Usually temperatures between 180°C and 210°C are recommended. The boiling point of THC is 157°C, that of CBD is slightly higher (160°C - 180°C). Vaporizers can make the active ingredients of the cannabis plant safely and effectively available. With vaporizers, a distinction must be made between devices for vaporizing dry, mostly plant material and devices for vaporizing so-called "liquids". The latter have become known especially in connection with nicotine as an alternative to smoking cigarettes.
  • As the name suggests, at least to the botanists and latinists among you, this terpene is found in large quantities in pine plants (lat. Pinus) (including pines, firs, spruces and of course pines). But also myrtle, dill and caraway contain high concentrations of myrtle.α pines are associated with mental freshness and clarity. The Japanese custom of "forest bathing" (Shinrin yoku) makes use of this characteristic - practitioners "bathe", so to speak, in the forest air saturated with α pinenes and thus consciously make use of their clarifying effect on the mind.In addition, there are indications of antiphlogistic (anti-inflammatory), bronchodilating and memory supporting effects of α-Pinenen.
#CBD

Does CBD Get You High?

21/04/2020 7 MIN. READ Katharina Schweigert
21/04/2020 7 MIN. READ Katharina Schweigert

Does CBD get you high?

If CBD is psychoactive, does CBD get you high?

"CBD is not psychoactive"

This assumption is false in two ways. In reality, CBD is psychoactive, just not psychotropic. Psychotropic substances affect the mind, altering your perception of reality - like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) does. Cannabidiol (CBD) is psychoactive, just like chocolate and many other substances, but non-intoxicating. This means: the so-called miracle stuff doesn’t get you high, stoned, or wasted - CBD keeps you ahead of the game.

CBD and THC Activate in the Brain Differently

CBD doesn’t create any psychotropic effects because it doesn’t affect the same neurological receptors in the brain as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Although CBD and THC are made up of the same carbon, oxygen and hydrogen atoms, there are a few slight differences in how the CBD and THC atoms are arranged. These slight differences are what creates different effects on the body. THC binds directly to the CB1 receptors in the brain while CBD makes only an indirect influence, meaning it is a weak binding.

The bond that THC makes with the brain’s CB1 receptors creates signals which are sent to the brain. `these are the signals that result in euphoric effects. As CBD does not directly bond with the CB1 receptors, it does not bring on those psychotropic effects. The good news about this is that CBD can also negate the bond THC creates and neutralise the feelings of euphoria, so if someone had too much THC, they can use CBD to “bring them down” from the high so to speak.

CBD Gets You High – & 4 Other Myths About Cannabidiol

  1. Myth: CBD gets you high
  2. Myth: All CBD is the same
  3. Myth: The source of CBD makes no difference
  4. Myth: I can’t feel anything, so CBD has no effect on me
  5. Myth: CBD has no side effects

1. Myth: CBD oil gets you high

Many sources describe CBD as non-psychoactive. Why? Because it’s easier to distinguish its effects from the “high” associated with THC. THC on the other hand is psychotropic. The main difference: THC gets you high. It makes you laugh or cry. It exhilarates some, while making others anxious. Some use it to forget a bad day, while others might suddenly get a ravenous appetite. In short - it immediately and intensely alters your perception.

CBD is the other side of Cannabis – the mild one. CBD does not contain any of the properties that alter your perception. It has psychoactive effects. These feelings are subtle and indirect. To better understand the differences, we can distinguish between two terms that are often wrongly used synonymously: psychoactive and psychotropic.

THC has a psychotropic effect.

Psychotropic means that something directly affects the central nervous system. It intentionally stimulates the spiritual life, behaviour and mood. This term was initially used to describe psychedelic substances. Ergo: While THC is doing precisely that, CBD is doing the exact opposite. VAAY does not get you high. VAAY gets you on track without any psychotropic effects.

CBD has a psychoactive effect. In other words – the feeling is purely chill, with no effects.

Alternatively, psychoactive means any substance that intentionally affects your mind per se. This includes any anaesthetic, narcotic, tobacco, chocolate or caffeine. In other words: Psychoactive effects are mild and less intense than psychotropic effects.

CBD has a psychoactive effect, which balances your emotions and is perfect for relaxing! Incidentally, this applies to any form of CBD products. Various studies show that CBD may allow you to feel more relaxed or less anxious after consumption - which is a good thing and a desired therapeutic effect.

It is not without reason that the WHO has published reports claiming CBD as safe for human consumption. The bottom line - CBD is not toxic (1). Hemp has a good side.

2. Myth: all CBD is the same

Wrong – not all CBD products are created equal. Differences exist depending on the product composition, formula, dosage form, and type of CBD used.

Let’s start with full spectrum CBD products or CBD isolate. Full spectrum extract contains all the active compounds found in the hemp plant, including a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Cannabidiol alone already has a variety of positive effects on the body. Incorporating the various other beneficial compounds found in full spectrum oil allows them to reinforce each other. This allows the body to process cannabinoids more effectively, resulting in the so-called “entourage effect”. This composition of numerous active substances is precisely what makes the plant so potent.

The more the merrier

As we said, that’s full spectrum hemp extract. CBD isolate, on the other hand, contains over 99% of pure CBD. No terpenes, no other cannabinoids, no flavonoids. CBD isolate is the pure, chemically isolated form of CBD. It is often more neutral in flavour, tastes less like the natural plant and is available in the form of crystals or clear oil. In other words: Less naturalness, less power and less taste.

3. Myth: The CBD source makes no difference

Speaking of cannabis products, the source of CBD oil is also crucial. The majority of products come from the cannabis plant, specifically from full spectrum hemp extract. There are also a few synthetic products that use bacteria, yeast, or various other plants to synthesise the CBD. However, this process is not equivalent to the classic extraction process, and as a result, the product does not have the same level of efficiency. It was, so to speak, grown in a test tube. Like with a blouse made of silk versus polyester - the natural version wins hands down in visual appearance, quality and wear properties.

Likewise, there are differences in the quality of the plants used for extraction. Like with beef from intensive livestock farming versus Organic Angus beef - there’s a huge difference between industrial and organic cannabis cultivation, and between the different strains of hemp or cannabis.

Many industrially cultivated hemp plants (“industrial hemp”) grow stalky. They were historically grown for their fibres, seeds and oil. They are not characterised by green splendour, but by their few blossoms. What’s more, these are often male cannabis plants. They contain little CBD, few other cannabinoids and equally few beneficial compounds and terpenes. This leads us to: What are terpenes?

By contrast, other strains and organically grown versions appear blooming, female, rich in CBD and full of healthy components.

What’s more, plants are bioaccumulators. This means that they absorb pesticides and heavy metals from the soil in which they grow. During the extraction of CBD and the other components, these contaminants sneak their way into the final product. As industrial cannabis is less potent, more raw material is used, which increases the risk of impurities.

4. Myth: CBD has no effect on me, because I can’t feel anything

Well, this may be because you inadvertently took CBD oil of inferior quality. With the internet, anything is possible. There are already documented cases where a “CBD oil” sold did not contain any CBD at all!

Low quality is the first reason you can’t feel anything. For this reason, have a close look at the online shop you’re considering. And yes, cheap often means compromising on quality.

Second reason: You simply haven’t taken enough. Sometimes people make the wrong assumption that just because CBD comes from the cannabis plant, when you take a little you should feel something. As mentioned earlier,THC and CBD work with the brain in different ways, and those who are expecting a high feeling or anything close to it won't get that feeling. Surely, you've heard about the stories of people taking too much THC because they did not feel the effect immediately, well with CBD this is not the case. Don't be afraid to take another dose if you feel the first dose was not enough for you. Each body and every endocannabinoid system reacts differently. The required and effective amount of cannabis varies remarkably from person to person.

Third reason: You don’t feel all effective remedies for your body. Do you actually notice something when you take Vitamin C, D or zinc?

For those who have major health deficits, it’s often advisable to try higher doses right off the bat. Correspondingly, these people also feel more dramatic effects, while people with an average state of health are more likely to maintain a lower level that provides subtle support. Whether you get ill less often is something you’ll only notice after a year or so, when your illness record has improved.

Apart from that, many therapeutic effects develop gradually and in the background. It has been shown that CBD works incredibly diversely and supports homeostasis. It regulates the system and has a balancing effect. It gets you on track. Even if you don’t feel anything, CBD has positive effects on the body.

5. Myth: CBD has no side effects

No effect without side effects! Sounds like a fortune cookie message, but it’s also confirmed in the case of cannabidiol.

First tip: if you want to be on the safe side, don’t take any CBD together with pharmaceutical products.

Yes, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other supervisory authorities classify CBD as a safe substance with low risk. It’s not intoxicating, not toxic and not addictive.

However, even cannabidiol has side effects you should be familiar with. Although this doesn’t replace consulting a doctor, here are some scientific facts.

For instance, the beneficial oil reduces blood pressure and the body’s need for insulin. That sounds good. However, people already taking such medication should potentially adjust their CBD dosage.

Furthermore, it is recommended not to take CBD with other medication. Why? Because cannabinoids have an effect on certain metabolic enzymes that are responsible for the breakdown of drugs. Therefore, you should take cannabidiol separately from your meds.

If you would like to know more, have a look at this: Project CBD. You can download a free guide on interactions here. Caution: This does of course not replace a visit to the doctor.

Other possible side effects of CBD:
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Reduced blood pressure
  • Reduced appetite
  • Drowsiness
  • Sleep problems and difficulty falling asleep

Now that you’re an expert on CBD, have a look at our products. They’re rich in CBD as well as other substances, don’t contain any health risks that warrant concern and therefore justify the hype surrounding CBD.

VAAY All CBD and hemp products

VAAY All CBD and hemp products

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